Diabetes is the inability to regulate the amount of sugar, especially glucose in the blood. Blood glucose gives you the energy you need to do things like walking, running, cycling and a host of other daily activities.
When we eat foods blood glucose is produced by the liver. Under normal conditions glucose is regulated by several hormones, including insulin. Insulin is produced in the pancreas along with other important enzymes that help digestion of food. Insulin allows glucose to pass from the blood to the liver, muscle and fat cells where it is used as fuel.
When a person does not produce enough insulin that is known as type 1 diabetes. Another situation where a person can not properly use insulin is called type 2 diabetes. People may have one or two forms of the disease. The problem is that glucose can not move blood to the cells that need energy and high levels remaining in the blood can cause damage to other tissues and organs.
Both forms of diabetes lead to levels of blood sugar are called hyperglycemia. This condition, for a long period of time will result in several serious medical conditions. Damage to the retina of the eye of diabetes is the leading cause of blindness. It can also cause kidney damage, resulting in kidney failure. Nerve damage from diabetes is the leading cause of wounds and leg ulcers that can result in amputation of feet and legs.
Damage to nerves can also lead to paralysis of the stomach (gastric), chronic diarrhea, and an inability to control the heart rate and blood pressure during postural changes.
Diabetes also can cause atherosclerosis, which is when a fatty plaques inside the arteries. This can lead to heart attacks and strokes, as well as decreased circulation in our arms and legs.
Diabetes can also contribute to a short series of medical problems. Many infections are associated with diabetes. Infections are also more frequent and dangerous for people with the disease, because it hinders the body's ability to combat it. The condition is also made worse because the infection can worsen glycemic control, which further delays the recovery from infection.
SYMPTOMS OF DIABETES
The symptoms of type 1 diabetes are often dramatic and come very quickly. It is generally recognized in childhood or adolescence and is caught during other less serious medical problems such as an illness or injury. Symptoms of this are nausea and vomiting with dehydration. It can also affect potassium levels in the blood. Diabetic if left untreated can result in coma or even death.
Type 2 diabetes is often more subtle and is associated with aging or obesity. A person can have this form of diabetes for years and not know it. If untreated, this can lead to complications such as nerve damage, blindness, heart disease and kidney failure.
Urination some of the symptoms most commonly associated with both forms of diabetes are fatigue, unexplained weight loss, thirst, and excessive. Other symptoms may include excessive drinking, open wounds that will not heal properly, infections, blurred vision and a remarkable change in mental status.