Diabetes is a disease which cannot be cured and it is a serious and lifelong disease. We cannot cure it completely but if the level of blood sugar is controlled completely then complications of this disease can be prevented or delayed.
Diabetes is a disease which prevents our body from properly converting foods into the energy which is required for our daily activity. When we eat something our body changes most of the food into a form of the sugar called glucose. For our body it is the main source of fuel. The presence of insulin is necessary for the glucose to get into cells. If our body does not make enough insulin then the glucose can't get into our cells and remains in our blood only. When the level of glucose in the blood gets too high then it results into diabetes.
Over the years when the level of blood glucose remains high in the blood it damage nerves and blood cells. This condition leads to different types of complications like heart disease and stroke, kidney disease, blindness, nerve damage, gum infections and lower limb amputation.
There are mainly three forms of diabetes - type 1, type 2 and gestational. Type1 diabetes is related with genetic factors and environment factors like viruses etc. The most common form of diabetes is type 2 that is linked with obesity, high blood pressure, high levels of bad cholesterol known as triglycerides and low levels of good cholesterol known as high density lipoprotein (HDL). In this condition usually the pancreas produces some insulin but not as much as required and gradually it goes on decreasing.
There are some preventive measures which must be taken to avoid diabetes -
1. You must maintain your body weight to be an ideal. For this it is must to do regular exercises. It is very necessary for a diabetic person to remain physically fit if it is possible. Exercises which are related with heart and lungs help the person to reduce the level of blood glucose which causes diabetes.
2. Proper medication and opinion of a doctor is also essential for a diabetic people.
3. A diabetic must follow a strict diet program. If diet is not proper of a diabetic people then there may be increase level of sugar. If a person is overweight then it is recommended to lose weight.
There are many preventive measures which can be adopted with proper awareness and information. The most important things for diabetic person are healthy diet and regular exercise.